The Second World War marks a break in the company’s history. Following Germany’s capitulation, BMW was limited to building bicycles until 1948, when the American military administration allowed the manufacturer to produce its first post-war motorcycle: the single-cylinder R24 with four-speed gearbox. Although it sold like hot cakes, BMW continued to operate in the red for several years thereafter, and even a sale to Daimler-Benz was under discussion. The company finally started turning a profit again in the early 1960s, and in 1969 a new chapter commenced for the motorcycle division. For one thing, motorcycle production was relocated from Munich to Berlin; for another, the /5 series came along, a new design of the boxer model with double-loop tubular frame, rear swingarm and telescopic fork at the front, three-phase alternator, battery ignition, electric starter and vacuum throttle carburetor. The BMW R50/5, which made the start, was followed by the even more successful models R60/5 and R75/5. For the first time, other colors such as silver, blue or red became available in addition to black and white (these were used by the police with the curious nickname “White Mouse”). In 1976 the R100RS ushered in another new era in motorcycle construction. It was the first motorcycle manufactured in series to be fitted with a full fairing against wind and rain, a feature that was developed in the wind tunnel. Then, in 1980, BMW introduced not only the single-sided swingarm but also launched a motorcycle that was to become one of the best-selling models in the world: the dual-purpose GS. Derided by some as a two-wheeled Golf, lauded by others as nothing short of a legend, the GS saved BMW from financial ruin. 2003 saw the launch of the R1200GS, followed two years later by the R1200GS Adventure, which has since become the world’s best-selling motorcycle in the 600-cc-plus category.